Cotton In Our Lives
Cotton Producers around the World
Figure: World Cotton Production (1990-2007)
The leading seven cotton-producing states accounted for 80% of total production and they are: Texas, Georgia, Mississippi, California, Arkansas, North Carolina and Louisiana.1
Figure: Major U.S. cotton Production Areas
Both upland and extra-long staple (ELS) cotton are produced in the United States. However, ELS cotton usually accounts for less than 4% of total cotton production. ELS cotton also is called American Pima cotton. ELS cotton is produced largely in California.
China cotton production regions are widey distributed and can be mainly divided into three parts: yellow River Valley, Yangtze River Valley and northwest inland.
Figure: Primary Cotton Production Regions in China
Indian cotton production has been concentrated in the western half of the country. It can be divided broadly into three major regions based on climatic differences and regional heterogeneity in the availability of water and other natural resources that influence the mix of crops in various parts of the country. These regions are the northern region (Haryana, Punjab, and Rajasthan); the central region (Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh); and the southern region (Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Andhra Pradesh). The northern region is the primary producer of short and medium staple cotton while the southern states primarily grow long staples. The central region produces mostly medium and long staples.
Figure: Indian-Cotton production States
Figure: Cotton Production Areas in Pakistan
Pakistan cotton occupies a special place in short to medium long staple groups. It is known the world over for its superiority in strength, uniformity, fiber fineness and regularity.
1 Jasper Womach. Cotton Production and Support in the United States. CRS report, June 2004